The greatest challenge, obviously, is that there is no consensus in the field of what ‘disinformation’ is, or even whether ‘disinformation’ is the right concept to use. Dialogue, intellectual curiosity and linking theory with grassroot experiences in multiple regions seem useful answers to this challenge.
It is a challenge for organizations focusing on peer-to-peer approaches regarding tackling information to effectively fulfill top-down intervention supporting roles such as advocacy and lobbying. It is a challenge for organizations focusing on top-down approaches regarding tackling disinformation to fulfill peer-to-peer intervention supporting roles such as community engagement. Forming diverse regional coalitions seems a useful answer to this challenge.
It is a challenge for organizations to decide whether to stay small and adaptive and form potentially less effective, less stable, less dependable coalitions or to grow and be less adaptive and harder to sustain but more effective on its own. Transparency and willingness to share seem useful answers to this challenge.
It is a challenge for organizations to need to show short-term effectiveness on the one hand and need to long-term navigate the complex field of tackling disinformation by trial and error on the other. Long-term funding under precondition of realizing relevant results, maintaining an open dialogue and intellectual curiosity, as well as transparency and willingness to share seem useful answers to this challenge.