Material outcomes

  1. Youngsters prefer asynchronous communication

Although many youngsters think that face-to-face contact is more important, they prefer text chatting over offline meetings and making telephone calls.


  1. Youngsters lack a ready-made identity narrative

Traditional theory claims that we have a ready-made story by ourselves about ourselves in our head. Most youngsters only have a vague notion of who they are and formulate who they are on the spot.


  1. Communication between generations is troubled

Many youngsters and parents do not trust each other when it comes to what youngsters experience online. Many youngsters think that adults lie and calculate while adults are overprotective.


  1. Youngsters claim to always be themselves

Many youngsters state that they act the same and say the same things in any situation. But an outside observer can see them act differently and say different things in different situations


  1. New technology is a key to open up youngsters

New technology and online communication are enough for many youngsters start a trust relation. Adults who understand online life seem to be easily trusted as well.


  1. Youngsters are digital naives

Although youngsters grew up with the Internet, they rarely think critically and reflectively about new technologies, visual information or online communication.


  1. Multitasking interferes with youngsters’ identities

Multitasking equals quickly hopping between tasks, not doing them at the same time. This is exhaustive and for many youngsters leads to a fragmentary auto-definition of who they are.


  1. Guidelines

Wise adults who understand online life are needed to empower more critical and reflective thinking by youngsters on new technologies, visual information and online communication.